World No Tobacco Day 2024: 7 Long-Term Health Problems from Smoking - Beyond Boders
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World No Tobacco Day 2024: 7 Long-Term Health Problems from Smoking

World No Tobacco Day is celebrated every year on May 31. The World Health Organization (WHO) leads this global event to highlight the dangers of using tobacco and to push for policies to reduce its use.

The day reminds us about the serious health risks linked to smoking, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and lung diseases.

Smoking causes millions of deaths each year and puts a heavy strain on healthcare systems.

The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2024 is “Protecting Children from Tobacco Industry Interference.” This theme focuses on keeping children safe from the harmful effects of tobacco.

Here are 7 long-term harmful effects of smoking:

1. Reduced Fertility

Chemicals in tobacco can affect hormones and reproductive organs in both men and women. This can make it hard to conceive, increase the risk of miscarriage, and cause pregnancy problems.

2. Lung Cancer

Tobacco smoke contains harmful substances that can damage lung cells. Over time, this can lead to lung cancer, which is often deadly. Symptoms include coughing, chest pain, and weight loss.

3. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Smoking can irritate the airways and damage lung tissue, causing conditions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This results in a persistent cough, difficulty breathing, and frequent lung infections.

4. Heart Disease

Chemicals in tobacco smoke can damage blood vessels, leading to hardened arteries. This reduces blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart, increasing the risk of heart attacks, chest pain, and heart failure.

5. Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Smoking can harm the arteries that supply blood to the limbs, reducing blood flow. This can cause pain, numbness, and infections in the limbs, and in severe cases, may lead to amputations.

6. Respiratory Infections

Smoking weakens the immune system and damages the airways, making it easier to get infections like pneumonia and bronchitis. This leads to frequent illness and weaker overall health.

7. Stroke

Smoking raises blood pressure and makes blood more likely to clot, which can block blood flow to the brain. This can cause brain damage, leading to paralysis, speech problems, and cognitive issues.

Understanding these long-term effects can help people make informed decisions about their health and encourage them to quit smoking for a healthier life.

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